Dental biofilms multiply due to the make-up and narrow-bore design of Dental Unit Waterlines.
Infection hazards linked to dental practice are not a recent problem. Through this kind of health care practice, many infectious agents, both viruses (Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, Human Immunodeficency virus, Herpes Simplex virus, Epstein Barr virus and Cytomegalovirus) and bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Legionella pneumophila and Pseudomonas aeruginosa), may be transmitted.
Some studies have shown that the environment (water, air and surfaces) can play an important role in this context: water stagnation, biofilm production and lack of disinfection in dental unit water lines (DUWLs) promote the proliferation of microorganisms. In addition, many dental procedures produce aerosols, with the consequent contamination of the surrounding air and surfaces. This suggests a potential risk of infection, especially from water, particularly in patients who are immuno-compromised due to drug therapy, alcohol abuse, systemic diseases, and old age.
Trustwater™ ECA systems are used in the Dental Healthcare Industry in a variety of applications: